Step-by-Step Guide to Becoming a Foster Parent in Illinois: Requirements, Process, and Support

Step-by-Step Guide to Becoming a Foster Parent in Illinois: Requirements, Process, and Support


Becoming a foster parent is a rewarding and life-changing experience. By opening your home and heart to a child in need, you can make a significant difference in their life. If you are considering becoming a foster parent in Illinois, this step-by-step guide will provide you with all the information you need to get started.


Before you begin the process of becoming a foster parent, it is important to understand the requirements set by the state of Illinois. These requirements ensure that foster parents are capable of providing a safe and nurturing environment for the children in their care.

Age and Residency

To become a foster parent in Illinois, you must be at least 21 years old and a resident of the state. This residency requirement ensures that foster parents are familiar with the local resources and support available to them.

Background Checks

All prospective foster parents in Illinois are required to undergo a thorough background check. This includes a criminal background check, child abuse and neglect registry check, and fingerprinting. These checks are conducted to ensure the safety and well-being of the children in foster care.

Training and Education

Before becoming a foster parent, you will need to complete a pre-service training program. This program covers topics such as child development, trauma-informed care, and the foster care system. The training is designed to prepare you for the challenges and responsibilities of being a foster parent.


Once you have met the requirements to become a foster parent in Illinois, you can begin the process of becoming licensed. The licensing process involves several steps, each designed to assess your suitability as a foster parent.


The first step in the licensing process is attending an orientation session. These sessions provide an overview of the foster care system and the responsibilities of foster parents. It is also an opportunity to ask any questions you may have and determine if fostering is the right choice for you.

Home Study

After attending the orientation, you will be assigned a licensing worker who will conduct a home study. The home study involves a series of interviews and visits to your home to assess your suitability as a foster parent. During these visits, the licensing worker will evaluate your home environment, discuss your motivation for fostering, and assess your ability to meet the needs of a foster child.

Reference Checks

As part of the home study process, your licensing worker will contact personal references to gather additional information about your character and suitability as a foster parent. These references may include friends, family members, employers, or other individuals who can provide insight into your ability to care for a child.

Approval and Placement

Once the home study and reference checks are complete, your licensing worker will review the information gathered and make a recommendation for approval. If approved, you will be eligible to receive foster placements. The placement process involves matching you with a child in need and ensuring that the placement is a good fit for both you and the child.


Becoming a foster parent can be challenging, but you don’t have to do it alone. Illinois offers a range of support services to foster parents to ensure they have the resources and assistance they need.

Training and Workshops

Even after becoming a licensed foster parent, the learning doesn’t stop. Illinois provides ongoing training and workshops to help foster parents enhance their skills and knowledge. These trainings cover topics such as behavior management, trauma-informed care, and supporting a child’s educational needs.

Support Groups

Connecting with other foster parents can be invaluable. Illinois has support groups where foster parents can share their experiences, seek advice, and find support from others who understand the unique challenges of foster parenting.

Financial Support

Foster parents in Illinois receive financial support to help cover the costs of caring for a child. This support includes a monthly stipend to assist with expenses such as food, clothing, and personal items. Additionally, foster parents may be eligible for medical coverage for the child through the state’s healthcare program.


Becoming a foster parent in Illinois is a meaningful and impactful way to make a difference in the lives of children in need. By meeting the requirements, completing the licensing process, and accessing the available support services, you can provide a safe and loving home for a child who needs it most. Take the first step today and embark on a rewarding journey as a foster parent.


  1. Illinois Department of Children and Family Services. (n.d.). Foster Care. Retrieved from
  2. Illinois Department of Children and Family Services. (n.d.). Foster Parenting. Retrieved from


Requirements Process Support
Age and Residency Orientation Training and Workshops
Background Checks Home Study Support Groups
Training and Education Reference Checks Financial Support
Approval and Placement